• 2月14日,祝电脑生日快乐!

    来源:SOHU  [  作者:LearnAndRecord   ]  责编:从大磊  |  侵权/违法举报

    原标题:2月14日,祝电脑生日快乐!

    1946年2月14日,世界上第一台通用计算机ENIAC(Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer)问世,并于次日在宾夕法尼亚大学(University of Pennsylvania)正式投入使用。

    让我们一起祝「ENIAC」生日快乐!

    What Happened on February 14th

    demonstrate

    1)此处用作及物动词,表示“展示?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“If you demonstrate something, you show people how it works or how to do it.”举个??:

    A selection of cosmetic companies will be there to demonstrate their new products.

    一些化妆品公司会在那里展示他们的新产品。

    2)还可以表示“证明?#20445;?#21450;物动词,英文解释为“To demonstrate a fact means to make it clear to people.”举个??:

    The study also demonstrated a direct link between obesity and mortality.

    这项研究也证明了肥胖和死亡率之间的直接关系。

    3)表示“展现(才能、品质、感情)?#20445;?#21450;物动词,英文解释为“If you demonstrate a particular skill, quality, or feeling, you show by your actions that you have it.”举个??:

    Have they, for example, demonstrated a commitment to democracy?

    例如,他们展现了对民主的奉献吗?

    4)用作不及物动词,表示“游行示威?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“When people demonstrate, they march or gather somewhere to show their opposition to something or their support for something.”举个??:

    Some 1,000 angry farmers arrived in Brussels yesterday to demonstrate against possible cuts in subsidies.

    昨天大约一千名愤怒的农民到布鲁塞尔游行示威,反对可能的补贴削减。

    展开全文

    electro-mechanical

    表示“机电的,机电装置的;与机电装置有关的?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“of, relating to, or concerning an electrically operated mechanical device”。

    1996年,CNN发文纪念第一台通用计算机诞生50周年。

    First electronic computer turns 50

    fund

    1)此处用作动词,表示“资助?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“When a person or organization funds something, they provide money for it.”举个??:

    The airport is being privately funded by a construction group.

    该机场正由一建筑集团私家资助。

    2)还可以用作名词,而且又有两种情况:

    ①只以复数?#38382;?#20986;现,表示“(尤指为特定目的而给予某组织的)资金?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“Funds are amounts of money that are available to be spent, especially money that is given to an organization or person for a particular purpose.”举个??:

    The concert will raise funds for research into AIDS.

    这场音乐会将为艾滋病研究筹集资金。

    ②可数名词,表示“(为特定目的而筹集或保留的)专项资金?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“A fund is an amount of money that is collected or saved for a particular purpose.”如:a scholarship fund for undergraduate engineering students. 一笔用于工程学?#31350;?#29983;的奖学金专项资金。

    grant

    表示“补助金?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“A grant is an amount of money that a government or other institution gives to an individual or to an organization for a particular purpose such as education or home improvements.”举个??:

    They"d got a special grant to encourage research.

    他们已得到了一笔用来支持研究的特别补助金。

    a band of

    表示“(趣味相投的)群体?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“A band of people is a group of people who have joined together because they share an interest or belief.”举个??:

    Bands of government soldiers and rebels have been roaming some neighbourhoods.

    一群群政府士兵和叛乱分子一直在一些街区里游荡。

    vacuum

    vacuum /?v?kj??m, -j??m/

    1)此处表示“真空?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“A vacuum is a space that contains no air or other gas.”举个??:

    Wind is a current of air caused by a vacuum caused by hot air rising.

    风是由热?#25484;?#19978;升产生真空而引起的?#25484;?#27969;动。

    2)表示“空缺?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“If someone or something creates a vacuum, they leave a place or position that then needs to be filled by another person or thing.”举个??:

    His presence should fill the power vacuum that has been developing over the past few days.

    他的出现应该能填补过去几天中形成的权力空缺。

    短语:in a vacuum 表示“在与世隔绝的状态?#23567;?#33521;文解释为“If something is done in a vacuum, it is not affected by any outside influences or information.”举个??:

    Moral values cannot be taught in a vacuum.

    道?#24405;?#20540;观不能在与世隔绝的状态中进行传授。

    reams of

    表示“ 大量;许多?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“If you say that there are reams of paper or reams of writing, you mean that there are large amounts of it.”举个??:

    Their specific task is to sort through the reams of information and try to determine what it means.

    他们的具体任务就是将大量信息分类,并努力弄清其意思。

    与“life”有关的短语

    1)表示“带来生机;使变得生动?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“If you bring something to life or if it comes to life, it becomes interesting or exciting.”举个??:

    The cold, hard cruelty of two young men is vividly brought to life in this true story.

    两个年轻人的冷漠和残忍在这个真实的故事里被生动地表现了出来。

    2)表示“(机器或车辆)突然开动?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“You can use expressions such as to come to life, to spring to life, and to roar into life to indicate that a machine or vehicle suddenly starts working or moving.”举个??:

    To his great relief the engine came to life.

    让他松一口气的是,引擎发动起来了。

    simulate

    表示“模拟?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“If you simulate a set of conditions, you create them artificially, for example, in order to conduct an experiment.”举个??:

    The scientist developed one model to simulate a full year of the globe"s climate.

    这位科学家研制出一个模型,能模拟全年地球的气候。

    spreadsheet

    表示“电子表格(程序)?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“a computer program that can show and calculate financial information; a document that contains rows and columns of numbers that can be used to calculate something”。

    state-of-the-art

    表示“最先进技术的,达到最新水平的?#20445;?#33521;文解释为“using the most modern and recently developed methods, materials, or knowledge”举个??:

    His new laptop is state-of-the-art.

    他那台新笔记本电脑是最先进的。

    - END -

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