• 2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试模拟英语试卷(二)(word版含解析)

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    衡水万卷 2016好题精选模拟卷二

    第I卷

    第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

    第一节\t(共15题;每题2分,满分30分)

    阅读下列短?#27169;?#20174;每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)?#26657;?#36873;出最佳选项。

    A

    ?Mark felt that it was time for him, to take part in his community, so he went to the neighborhood meeting after work. The area' s city councilwoman(女议员) was leading a discussion about how the quality of life was decreasing. The neighborhood faced many problems.

    ? ??Mark looked at the charts taped to the walls. There are charts for parking problems, crime, and for problems in vacant buildings. People were supposed to suggest solutions to the councilwoman.

    It was too much for Mark. \

    ? ???Mark thought some more on his way to the bus stop. \

    ??? ?As he neared the bus stop, Mark saw a woman carrying a grocery bag and a baby. She was trying to unlock her car, but she didn't have a free hand. As Mark got closer, her other child, a little boy, suddenly?darted?into the street. The woman tried to reach for him, but as she moved, her bag shifted and the groceries started to fall out. Mark ran to take the boy's arm and led him back to his mother. Then he picked up the groceries while the woman smiled in relief. \

    \?On one of them was \?\

    21. In Mark's opinion, _________.

    ??? ?A. nobody was so able as to solve the problems

    ?? ?B. he was not in the position to solve such problems

    ?? ??C. many people were too selfish to think about others

    ?? ??D. he already had more than enough work to do

    22. The underlined word \

    ????A. walked????????B. marched??????????C. wandered?????????D. rushed

    23. What is the implication of the Words on the bus wall?

    ? ???A. You should be kind to your neighbors and they will treat you the same way.

    ??? ?B. Everyone can play his own part to make things better.

    ??? ?C. All small acts will add up to kindness.

    ?? ??D. It's a small act to help a person in need.

    24. The passage is mainly about ________.

    ????A. how individuals can help make a difference

    ???? B. running a neighborhood meeting to solve its problems

    ?? ??C. citizens' reactions to the problems they face

    ?? ??D. solving problems through group action

    B

    Chris Jones recently finished a very unusual journey. Our reporter Mary Owen met him at his home in southLondon?and he told her all about the trip.

    Reporter: What gave you the idea to travel around?India?on an elephant, Chris?

    Chris:?Well, it all started 2 years ago when I was planning a trip to?India. I visited a photographic exhibition of elephants and I realized that the only way to travel is on an elephant.

    Reporter:?What did you do next?

    Chris:?I flew to?New Delhi?and started looking for an elephant. I needed an elephant trained to????carry people. I didn’t know anything about elephants, so I asked an expert for help. He taught me how to ride an elephant. He also helped me find an elephant.

    Reporter: Can you tell me about the journey?

    Chris:?Well. I bought a female elephant called Tara for about $ 6000. We set off from?New Delhi?a week later. We were heading to Sonepur in northern?India?where there is a big elephant market and I could sell Tara easily. And what a ride! Elephants can travel at about 6 miles an hour and Sonepur was more than 1,200 kim away. The journey took us 64 days!

    Reporter:?Did you have any problems on your journey?

    Chris:?Yes, a few. But nothing serious. On the third day, Tara hurt her foot. But that got better quickly. Also there was a log of heavy rain during the first week and we got very wet!

    Reporter:?What happened when you reached Sonepur?

    Chris:?My plan was to sell Tara. But by now I was very fond of her. I couldn’t take her back to?Britain?and I didn’t want to sell her at the market. By chance,I met some people who wanted an elephant for their national park. I knew that Tara would be safe with them, so I gave her to them. I was very sad to say goodbye.?

    25. Chris got the idea to travel around?India?on an elephant from_____ .

    A. a visit to an Indian zoo???????????????????????????B. an elephant expert from?India

    C. some photos of elephants???????????????????????D. an old friend who lived in?India

    26. The elephant expert told Chris _________.

    A. how much an elephant cost?????????????????? ?B. how to keep the elephant

    C. where to sell his elephant????????????????????????D. how to ride an elephant

    27. Chris decided to travel to Sonepur because_________.

    A. it is a very interesting place

    B. elephants can’t be sold anywhere else

    C. he would be able to sell Tara there easily

    D. it would only take 64 days to travel there

    28. When Chris arrived at Sonepur market, he_______ .

    A. realized that he didn’t really want to sell Tara

    B. visited a national park

    C. sold Tara to a national park

    D. decided to take Tara home with him

    C

    Why Integrity Matters

    What Is Integrity?

      The key to integrity is consistency- not only setting high personal standards for oneself (honesty, responsibility, respect for others, fairness) but also living up to those standards each and every day. One who has integrity is bound by and follows moral and ethical (道德上的) standards even when making life's hard choices, choices which may be clouded by stress, pressure to succeed, or temptation.

      What happens if we lie, cheat, steal, or violate other ethical standards? We feel disappointed in ourselves and ashamed. But a lapse (缺失) of integrity also affects our relationships with others. Trust is essential in any important relationship, whether personal or professional. Who can trust someone who is dishonest or unfair? Thus integrity must be one of our most important goals.

      Risky Business

      We are each responsible for our own decisions, even if the decision, making process has been undermined by stress or peer pressure. The real test of character is whether we can learn from our mistake, by understanding why we acted as we did and then exploring ways to avoid similar problems in the future.

      Making ethical decisions is a critical part of avoiding future problems. We must learn to recognize risks, because if we can't see the risks we're taking, we can't make responsible choices. To identify risks, we need to know the rules and be aware of the facts. For example, one who doesn't know the rules a about plagiarism (剽窃) may accidentally use words or ideas without giving proper credit or one who fails to keep careful research notes may unintentionally fail to quote and cite sources as required. But the fact that such a violation is \

      \

      Most people who get in trouble do know the rules and facts but manage to fool themselves about the risks they're taking by using excuses: \but that's not cheating because I’m just checking my answers, not copying.\

    To avoid fooling yourself, watch out for excuses and try this test: Ask how you would feel if your actions were public and anyone could be watching over yore shoulder. If you'd rather hide your actions, that's an indication that you're taking a risk and rationalizing it to yourself.

    Evaluating Risks

    To decide whether a risk is worth taking, you must examine the consequences, in the future as well as right now, negative as well as positive, and to others as well as to yourself. Those who take risks they later regret usually focus on immolate benefits and simply haven't considered what might go wrong. The consequences of getting caught are serious and may include a \暂令停学) or dismissal from school and a ruined reputation. In fact, when you break a role or law, you lose control over your life and give others the power to impose punishment that you have no control over. This is an extremely vulnerable (脆弱的) position. There may be some matters of life and death or highest principle, which might justify such a risk, but there aren't many things that fall in this category.

    Getting Away with it - Or Not

    Those who don't get caught pay an even higher price. A cheater doesn't learn from the test, which deprives (剥夺) him her of an education. Cheating undermines confidence and independence: the cheater is a fraud, and knows that without dishonesty, he/she would have failed. Cheating destroys self-respect and integrity, leaving the cheater ashamed, guilty and afraid of getting caught.

    Worst of all, a cheater who doesn't get caught the first time usually cheats again, not only because he/she is farther behind, but also because it seems \

    Cheating Hurts Other, Too

    Cheaters often feel invisible, as if their actions \累积的) effect. Cheating can spread like a disease. Recent statistics suggest 30% or more of college students cheat. If a class is graded on a curve, cheating hurts others' grades. Even if there is no curve, cheating \

    Why Integrity Marten

    If cheating becomes the norm, then we are in big trouble. We must rely on the honesty and good faith of others, if not, we couldn't put money in the bank, buy food, clothing, or medicine from others, drive across a bridge, get on a plane, go to the dentist--the list is endless. There are many examples of the vast harm that is caused when individuals forget or ignore the effect their dishonesty can have. The savings and loan scandal, the stock market and junk bond swindles, and, of course, Watergate, have undermined the faith of many Americans in the integrity of political and economic leaders and society as a whole. Such incidents take a tremendous toll on our nation's economy and our individual well-being. For example, but for the savings and loan debacle, there might be funds available to reduce the national debt and pay for education.

    In sum, we all have a common stake in our school, our community, and our society. Our actions do matter. It is essential that we act with integrity in order to build the kind of world in which we want to live.

    29. A person of integrity not only sets high moral and ethical standards but also _______.

    A. sticks to them in their daily life

    B. makes them known to others

    C. understands their true values

    D. sees that others also follow them

    30. What role does integrity play in personal and professional relationships?

    A. It helps to create team spirit

    B. It facilitates communication

    C. It is the basis of mutual trust

    D. It inspires mutual respect

    31. why must we learn to identify the risks we are going to take?

    A. To ensure we make responsible choices.

    B. To avoid being overwhelmed by stress.

    C. so that we don’t break any rules.

    D. so that we don’t run into trouble.

    32. Violation of a rule is misconduct even if _______?

    A. it has caused no harm.

    B. it is claimed to be unintentional.

    C. it has gone unnoticed.

    D. it is committed with good intentions.

    D

    British Cuisine: the Best of Old and New

    British cuisine (烹饪) has come of age in recent years as chefs (厨师) combine the best of old and new.

    Why does British food have a reputation for being so bad? Because it is bad! Those are not the most encouraging words to hear just before eating lunch at one of Hong Kong's smartest British restaurants, Alfie's by KEE, but head chef Neil Tomes has more to say.

    \

    \

    There was plenty of room for improvement. The problems with the nation's cuisine can be traced back to the Second World War. Before the War, much of Britain's food was imported and when German U-boats began attacking ships bringing food to the country, Britain went on rations (配给).

    \

    They weren't looking for cured meats, organic produce or beautiful presentation; they were looking for whatever they could get their hands on, and this prioritisation of quantity over quality prevailed for decades, meaning a generation was brought up with food that couldn't compete with neighbouring France, Italy, Belgium or Spain.

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